How technology has changed our lives

What is technology?

how technology effected human life

Any application developed or designed utilizing applied science or mathematics to address a social issue is referred to as technology. Agricultural technology, like those used by ancient civilizations, or computing technologies used more recently, can be examples of this. Ancient technologies like the calculator, compass, calendar, batteries, ships, or chariots might be considered as part of technology, as can modern technology like computers, robots, tablets, printers, and fax machines. Future technology will feature sophisticated Blockchain techniques, smarter cities, more sophisticated smart gadgets, quantum computers, quantum encryption, and sophisticated AI.

How has Technology Affected Human Life?

Among many other things, technology has made it simpler to travel, establish cities, and cultivate crops, effectively connecting all nations, fostering globalization, and facilitating the expansion of economies and the conduct of commerce.

Positive Impact of technology on Society

positive effects of technology

Although technology has had some unfavorable effects on society as a whole, there may be more beneficial effects than bad ones. These effects have eased many people’s lives and provided many with the resources, information, and tools they need to lead better lives. These effects have had a significant impact on education, transportation, agriculture, and other areas of a global society.

Technology and future

technology and future

Thanks to access to incredible tools and resources, technology has completely transformed our way of life. Multi-functional gadgets that are quick, portable, powerful, and easy to use are now possible thanks to modern technology. Our lives are now easier, faster, and more enjoyable thanks to all these technological advancements. Technology has altered the ways in which we may amuse ourselves, connect with one another, and absorb all kinds of information. It seems impossible to adapt to and stay up with all of the new technologies that are being developed on a daily basis. Technology will undoubtedly continue to transform our lives in the future. Robots may eventually take the place of people in workplaces in the near future, and autonomous automobiles may become the new fashion.

5 Ways Technology Has Improved Our Quality Of Life

technology and future

1-communication is more convenient

communication

Nowadays, everyone has access to a variety of ways to interact with one another. With the usage of the Internet and social media, people may easily communicate with anybody and immediately access a mobile phone or computer. The development of technology paved the path for a more rapid and straightforward method of communication. Since the primary means of communication in the past were letters or greeting cards, transmitting information may take days or even weeks. However, sending someone an email these days just takes a few seconds.

2- The health care industry became more convenient

Modernizing the healthcare sector is another key advantage of technology in people’s lives. The days of standing in line for hours to see a doctor in the outpatient department are long gone. Mobile devices allow patients to arrange hospital visits and check the hours of their doctor’s offices. They won’t have to waste their time traveling to the hospital just to discover that a doctor is not available. Technology has made medical operations quicker and more effective. Any member of the healthcare team who uses a computer may easily access a patient’s record by converting printed papers to a digital system. A patient’s records are also less likely to be lost or misplaced because all data will be securely preserved.

3- Access to information is easy

acess to information is easy

In the pre-digital era, finding precise information required poring over written sources like books, newspapers, and periodicals for hours at a time. But these days, all you need to find what you need is a phone and access to the Internet. Many internet platforms have thousands of resources available; making it simple for someone to look for the information they want. For instance, technological advancements enable people to acquire information regarding health concerns that aren’t severe enough to need medical treatment. Since you can look for natural treatments or preventative actions you may do at home, you can take care of minor health issues like allergies or a cold.

4- Advancements in medicine

advancement in medicen

Treatments that were too futuristic are now feasible thanks to technology. Hospitals frequently provide complicated procedures, such as organ transplants or chemotherapy, to treat patients with life-threatening diseases. Thanks to the enormous contributions that technology has made to the area of medicine, patients who are dealing with serious medical illnesses now have a better chance of living. Various medical research and development initiatives have also been made to discover therapies for deadly diseases that, prior to technology developments, appeared to have no cure.

5- Better opportunities for learning

better oppurtunities for learning

In order to maintain students’ attention, classroom instruction is becoming more participatory and fun. Technology is used by teachers to organize lessons and provide teaching materials that may encourage pupils to pay attention in class. E-learning and remote learning are now both possible because of technological advancements and internet resources. Nowadays, those who want to earn a degree can do so in the convenience of their own homes. Students now have greater freedom and access to education because of the incorporation of technology tools into the classroom that wasn’t previously possible.

Conclusion

Since the beginning of civilization, technology has had a huge, almost inconceivable influence on human life. Although it is nearly hard to assess technology’s whole influence on human civilization, it is obvious that technology has greatly improved the quality, convenience, and ease of human existence. It has the potential to have disastrous effects when created carelessly or improperly, therefore it is not without its downsides. As humans advance into the future, it will become more crucial than ever for engineers to conduct their work with greater diligence and responsibility, and for end users to strike a balance between the use of technological systems and time-tested methods for accomplishing tasks in a more efficient, productive way.

What is information technology?

What is information technology

Using computer systems or other electronic devices to retrieve information is known as information technology (IT). Information technology underpins so many aspects of our everyday lives, including our workforce, company processes, and personal access to information. IT(Information Technology) has a significant influence on many aspects of our daily life, including information storage, retrieval, access, and manipulation.

Information Technology (IT) is a business sector that deals with computing, including hardware, software, telecommunications, and generally anything involved in the transmittal of information or the systems that facilitate communication.

What Is the Role of Information Technology?

A large portion of our present workforce is built on information technology, which is significant in business. IT(Information Technology) supports numerous corporate operations and boosts productivity in a number of areas, including communications, data management, and operational effectiveness.

Information Technology Is So Important Today:

The use of information technology (IT) in today’s personal, business, and non-profit purposes is essential. IT(Information Technology) may be defined as the use of computers and other electronic devices for data reception, storage, retrieval, transmission, and manipulation. When this data is transformed into understandable and practical forms for communication, it becomes information. Because IT is used so extensively around the world, its significance is frequently taken for granted. In our daily lives, we rely on it for a variety of things, including communication, banking, social media, investing, and research. Without proper information technology systems, organizations cannot operate today and hope to remain competitive.

What is the Information Technology Benefits for Business?

Everyone benefits individually from information technology, from how you purchase to how you acquire information. It plays a significant role in enterprises as well, reducing procedures and maintaining your company’s connectivity and seamless operation.

benefits of information technology

  • Increased data security:

The way organizations keep files has been permanently altered by IT. Instead of leaving data in physical files where it may be lost, it is better to save it in a secure computer database. Information technology has the power to encrypt data, demand authentication to access it, and lock it away beneath many levels of security, making it difficult for malicious actors to access it. If it can be demonstrated that your company has taken the necessary cybersecurity precautions, it will be somewhat protected against lawsuits resulting from data breaches.

  • Information Technology Can Help Your Business Save Money:

Your organization’s financial account will reflect one of the main advantages of information technology: IT helps firms save money. How? With the use of IT, productivity may be raised. The click of a mouse allows access to routine reports and activities that formerly required laborious investigation and documentation. IT will reduce mailing costs. Although it seems like a straightforward idea, the days of actual mailers are long gone. Compared to traditional postal services, email is quicker and more effective. By streamlining, transferring, and outsourcing high-cost operations like payroll, supply chain purchases, and even customer service, IT saves money.

  • Information Technology Benefits Communication:

Consider this: cloud computing now enables your staff to connect with each other, with customers, and with the rest of the world. We talked about saving money by not having to send physical messages through the mail. With the advent of smartphones and VoIP, employees now have unprecedented freedom to work from anywhere, and email is a quick way to communicate and receive responses. Social media and targeted advertising allow you to engage with current and potential consumers, and information technology has made it possible to reach a far larger audience than ever before with your product sales.

  • ImprovedProductivity:

Your workplace will see the advantages of information technology in increased productivity and efficiency. These advantages include:

 

  • Instant access to files
  • Immediate feedback on collaborative projects
  • Videoconferencing and real-time communication
  • Project management tools
  • Do-it-yourself portals for payroll, password management, and more
  • Automated processes and data analysis
  • Faster results and faster task resolution

 

  • A wider talent net:

Businesses have discovered that remote work is the norm in today’s workplace if there is one thing they have learned. Remote employment has greater ramifications than just its inherent advantages in information technology. Your skill pool has just grown significantly. You used to be restricted in who you could recruit because of their location. Thanks to information technology, you may now fill your job ad with the best candidates, wherever they may be.

 

  • Achieving Coordination and Uniformity:

Information technology allows for the organization, coordination, and uniformity of tasks. Information technology offers a framework for activities and projects that everyone on the team can follow.

 

Getting Started in Information Technology:

Getting Started in Information Technology

IT certifications provide you with a foundation of knowledge, test for certain skill sets, and allow you to demonstrate your technical talents if you wish to start a career in information technology. You may decide to obtain a two-year, bachelor’s, or master’s degree to increase your competitiveness depending on the route you pursue or the specialty you’re interested in, but it’s not always essential. The appeal of an IT job is that you may start out without a degree and work your way up or decide to increase your skill set as you see appropriate.

 

Cloud technology

what is cloud technology

Cloud computing is the on-demand provision of computer system resources, particularly processing power and data storage (cloud storage), without direct active supervision by the user. Functions in large clouds are frequently dispersed among a number of data centers, each of which serves a single purpose. Cloud computing relies on resource sharing to accomplish coherence and often employs a “pay-as-you-go” approach, which can aid in decreasing capital expenditures but may also result in unforeseen operational expenses for users who are not aware of them.

A fundamental concept behind cloud computing is that the location of the service, and many of the details such as the hardware or operating system on which it is running, are largely irrelevant to the user. It’s with this in mind that the metaphor of the cloud was borrowed from old telecoms network schematics, in which the public telephone network (and later the internet) was often represented as a cloud to denote that the location didn’t matter – it was just a cloud of stuff. This is an over-simplification of course; for many customers, the location of their services and data remains a key issue.

Top benefits of cloud computing

benefits of cloud technology

A significant change from how organizations have traditionally viewed IT resources is cloud computing. The following seven motives are prevalent among businesses for using cloud computing services:

Cost

With cloud computing, there is no longer a need to invest in hardware, software, the infrastructure of on-site datacentres, including the server racks, round-the-clock electricity for power and cooling, and IT professionals to oversee the infrastructure. It quickly adds up.

Global scale

Elastic scalability is one of the advantages of cloud computing services. In terms of the cloud, this refers to providing the appropriate level of IT resources, for instance, more or less computing power, storage, or bandwidth at the precise time and from the appropriate geographic location.

Performance

The largest cloud computing services are powered by a global network of secure data centers that are continually updated with the newest models of quick and effective computing gear. Reduced network latency for apps and improved economies of scale are only a couple of advantages this has over a single company datacentre.

Security

A wide range of rules, tools, and controls are provided by many cloud service providers, strengthening your entire security posture and defending your infrastructure, apps, and data from possible attacks.

Speed

The majority of cloud computing services are self-service and on-demand, making it possible to provide even large quantities of computing resources quickly and generally with only a few mouse clicks.

Productivity

Hardware installation, software patching, and other time-consuming IT administration tasks are frequently needed for on-site data centers. Many of these duties are no longer necessary thanks to cloud computing, freeing up IT employees’ time to focus on more crucial business objectives.

Reliability

Due to the fact that data may be replicated at several redundant sites on the network of the cloud provider, cloud computing makes data backup, disaster recovery, and business continuity simpler and less expensive.

Types of cloud computing

There are three different ways to deploy cloud services: on a public cloud, private cloud, or hybrid cloud.

Public cloud

A public cloud is something like Microsoft Azure. With a public cloud, the cloud provider owns and manages the entire infrastructure (hardware, software, etc.) that it uses. A web browser is used to log into these services and manage your account. Learn more about public cloud computing.

Private cloud

Cloud computing services utilized solely by a single company or organization are referred to as private clouds. An on-site data center of the business may serve as the physical home of a private cloud. Additionally, some businesses hire outside service providers to host their own clouds. A private cloud is one where the infrastructure and services are kept up on a private network. Study up on the private cloud.

Hybrid cloud

Cloud computing services utilized solely by a single company or organization are referred to as private clouds. An on-site data center of the business may serve as the physical home of a private cloud. Additionally, some businesses hire outside service providers to host their own clouds. A private cloud is one where the infrastructure and services are kept up on a private network. Study up on the private cloud.

Types of cloud services: IaaS, PaaS, serverless, and SaaS

laas, paas , saas

Most cloud computing services fall into four broad categories: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), serverless, and software as a service (SaaS). These are sometimes called the cloud computing “stack” because they build on top of one another. Knowing what they are and how they’re different makes it easier to accomplish your business goals.

Infrastructure as a service (IaaS)

cloud technology laas

the most fundamental class of cloud computing offerings. IaaS allows you to pay-as-you-go rent IT infrastructure from a cloud provider, including servers and virtual machines (VMs), storage, networks, and operating systems.

Platform as a service (PaaS)

cloud technology pass

Platform as a Service (PaaS) describes cloud computing services that provide an environment that is available as needed for the creation, testing, delivery, and management of software applications. PaaS was created to make it simpler for developers to quickly build web or mobile apps without having to worry about setting up or managing the foundational infrastructure of servers, storage, networks, and databases required for the development.

Serverless

Serverless computing, which overlaps with PaaS, focuses on developing app functionality without continuously managing the servers and infrastructure necessary to do it. Serverless architectures are extremely scalable and event-driven; they only need resources when a certain action or trigger takes place.

Software as a service (SaaS)

SaaS applications are hosted and managed by cloud service providers, who also take care of any maintenance tasks like software upgrades and security patches. Users often use a web browser on their phone, tablet, or PC to connect to the program through the Internet.

Who is using cloud computing?

uses of cloud technology

A wide range of use cases, including data backup, disaster recovery, email, virtual desktops, software development, and testing, big data analytics, and customer-facing web apps, are being used by businesses of every size, kind, and sector. Companies that provide financial services are utilizing the cloud to provide real-time fraud prevention and detection. Additionally, online games are distributed to millions of players worldwide by video game developers via the cloud.

Characteristics and advantages of cloud computing

advantages of cloud technology

Cloud computing has been around for several decades now, and today’s cloud computing infrastructure demonstrates an array of characteristics that have brought meaningful benefits to businesses of all sizes. Some of the main characteristics of cloud computing are the following:

Self-service provisioning

End users can spin up compute resources for almost any type of workload on demand. An end user can provision computing capabilities, such as server time and network storage, eliminating the traditional need for IT administrators to provision and manage to compute resources.

Elasticity

Businesses may flexibly scale up as computing needs rise and down once again as needs fall. As a result, there is no longer a need to make substantial expenditures in local infrastructure that may or may not stay functional.

Pay per use

By measuring compute resources precisely, users can only pay for the workloads and resources they really utilize.

Workload resilience

To provide resilient storage and to maintain users’ critical workloads running frequently across many worldwide areas, CSPs frequently deploy redundant resources.

Flexibility in migration

Businesses may automatically or manually shift certain workloads to or from the cloud, or across multiple cloud platforms, to improve cost savings or take advantage of new services as they become available.

What is the future of cloud computing?

future of cloud technology

When it comes to organizational IT investment, cloud computing is set to surpass more established methods of providing software and services internally that have been used for decades. However, as businesses get more at ease with the concept of having their data somewhere else than a server in the basement, the use of the cloud is only expected to increase. And today, rather than only concentrating on price, cloud computing suppliers are increasingly promoting cloud computing as an agent of digital change. By assisting in the dismantling of organizational barriers surrounding data, the idea goes, that moving to the cloud may aid businesses in rethinking business processes and accelerating business change.

 

 

Artificial intelligence

what is artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the capacity of a digital computer or robot operated by a computer to carry out actions frequently performed by intelligent individuals. The phrase is widely used in reference to the effort to create artificial intelligence (AI) systems that possess human-like cognitive abilities, including the capacity for reasoning, meaning-finding, generalization, and experience-based learning. Even so, there are still no programs that can match human adaptability in broader fields or in activities requiring a lot of common knowledge, despite ongoing improvements in computer processing speed and memory capacity.

Artificial intelligence is used for

uses of AI

Personalized suggestions are frequently given to users using artificial intelligence, for instance, based on their prior searches, purchases, or other online behavior. AI is crucial to business since it can optimize goods and arrange transportation and inventories. These examples of artificial intelligence just begin to scratch the surface of all the current uses of AI. Currently, the technology is being used in a wide range of industries, including manufacturing, banking, healthcare, education, and urban planning.

AI cognitive skills

congnitivie Artificial intelligence

Learning, reasoning, and self-correction are the three cognitive skills on which AI programming focuses.

1-learning process

This area of AI programming is concerned with gathering data and formulating the rules that will enable the data to be transformed into useful knowledge. The guidelines, also known as algorithms, give computer equipment detailed instructions on how to carry out a certain activity.

2-reasoning process

This area of AI programming is concerned with selecting the best algorithm to achieve a particular result.

3-self-correction process:

This feature of AI programming is to continuously improve algorithms and make sure they deliver the most precise results.

Advantages

  • Good at detail-oriented jobs.
  • reduced time for data-intensive tasks
  • provides consistent outcomes; and
  • AI-powered virtual agents are always available.

Disadvantages

  • It necessitates extensive technical knowledge.
  • a scarcity of qualified workers to build AI tools;
  • Only God knows what has been revealed; and
  • Lack of ability to generalize from one task to another.
  • expensive

Types

The Four Types of Artificial Intelligence:

  1. Reactive machine
  2. Limited memory
  3. Theory of memory
  4. Self-awareness

Reactive memory

  • Purely reactive machines are the most basic types of Artificial Intelligence.
  • Such AI systems do not store memories or past experiences for future actions.
  • These machines only focus on current scenarios and react to them as per possible best action.
  • IBM’s Deep Blue system is an example of a reactive machine.
  • Google’s AlphaGo is also an example of a reactive machine.

 Limited memory

limited memory AI

  • Limited memory machines can store past experiences or some data for a short period of time.
  • These machines can use stored data for a limited time period only.
  • Self-driving cars are one of the best examples of Limited Memory systems. These cars can store the recent speed of nearby cars, the distance of other cars, the speed limit, and other information to navigate the road.

Theory of mind

theory of mind AI

  • Theory of Mind AI should understand human emotions, people, and beliefs, and be able to interact socially like humans.
  • This type of AI machine is still not developed, but researchers are making lots of efforts and improvements in developing such AI machines

Self-awareness

self awareness AI

  • Self-awareness AI is the future of Artificial Intelligence. These machines will be super intelligent and will have their own consciousness, sentiments, and self-awareness.
  • These machines will be smarter than the human mind.
  • Self-Awareness AI does not exist in reality still and it is a hypothetical concept.

Strong and Weak Artificial Intelligence

Extensive research in Artificial Intelligence also divides it into two more categories, namely Strong Artificial Intelligence and Weak Artificial Intelligence. The terms were coined by John Searle in order to differentiate the performance levels in different kinds of AI machines. Here are some of the core differences between them.

Weak AI

It is a narrow application with a limited scope.
This application is good at specific tasks.
It uses supervised and unsupervised learning to process data.
Example: Siri, Alexa.

Strong AI

strong aritificial intelligence

It is a wider application with a more vast scope.
This application has incredible human-level intelligence.
It uses clustering and association to process data.
Example: Advanced Robotics

Conclusion

A deeper comprehension of the differences between artificial intelligence (AI) and human intellect is required to better prepare for the society of the future, in which AI will have a far more widespread effect on our lives. Self-replication is an integral part of both biological and human intelligence. However, results get hazy if AI learns to reproduce itself and eventually evolves into a living form, albeit a manufactured one.